M – P

  • Miguel de Cervantes (1547–1616), Spanish writer.
  • MacArthur, General Douglas – A former US Chief of Staff, he commanded the Allied Forces in the South Pacific during World War II. He promised the Filipino people “I shall return” to save them from the occupying Japanese Forces. Another Mason, President Harry S. Truman, ultimately removed him from military leadership.
  • MacDonald, Sir John A. – The first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada (1867-1873 and 1878-1891) when he died in office. Began the creation of rail service across Canada.
  • MacLean, John B. – Founder of MacLeans Magazine.
  • Macquarie, Lauchlan – Major General and the first governor in Chief of New South Wales. During his twelve years in office he raised NSW from a prison camp to a thriving colony.
  • Marsh, Henry – First Black Mayor of Richmond, Virginia (1977).
  • Marshall, George C. – American soldier, diplomat and politician, he served as Secretary of State from 1947-1949 and organized the European Recovery Plan most often referred to as the “Marshall Plan” for which he received the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Marshall, James W. – Discovered Gold at Sutter’s Mill California 1848.
  • Marshall, John – A former Grand Master of his Grand Lodge (Virginia), he served as Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court 1801 – 1835 and firmly established the judiciary branch of US government.
  • Marshall, Peter – Presbyterian pastor of churches in Georgia & Washington, DC, Chaplain of the US Senate and author of such books as ‘Mr. Jones, Meet the Master’. His biography is entitled “A Man Called Peter”.
  • Marshall, Thomas R. – 22nd Vice President of the United States.
  • Marshall, Thurgood – The first black to be appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • Mason, William Castein – A physician who practiced both medicine and Masonry actively in his native city of Bangor, Maine from the date of his graduation from Harvard University to the day he laid down his working tools. The statement is literally true for within 48 hours of his passing, he performs an extremely difficult operation of which 30 years before he was one of the founders. The primary auditorium of Maine’s second largest hospital where he practiced is named in his honor. (Mason Auditorium at Eastern Maine Medical Center.)
  • Massey, Hart – Massey-Ferguson farm equipment
  • Mathews, Stanley – US Supreme Court Justice.
  • Mayer, Louis B. – Film producer who merged to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).
  • Maynard, David S. “Doc” – Pioneer settler, doctor who named the city of Seattle, Washington. He helped create the Washington Territory.
  • Mayo, Dr. Charles – One of the brothers who began the world-famous Mayo Clinic, recognized as the first ‘medical group practice’ in the United States.
  • Maytag, Fredrick – Headed the company which produced farm equipment, the now little-known Maytag car and the first washing machine capable of being operated by an outside power source.
  • McCall, Abner V. – President, Chancellor and President-Emeritus of Baylor University in Texas, he also served as the First Vice President of the Southern Baptist Convention (1979-80) and a long-time leader of the Organization of Baptist Colleges and Universities. He wrote “In thousands of meetings of Freemasons and of Baptists stretching back 60 years, I have seen nothing that made my belief and work in the Fraternity of Freemasons incompatible with my belief and work as a member of a Southern Baptist church.”
  • McCarthy, Glenn H. – Famous Houston oilman, known as “king of the wildcatters”; built the Shamrock Hotel and was the basis for the character of Jett Rink played by James Dean in the 1956 film “Giant”.
  • McCoy, Clyde L. – Inventor of the “wah-wah“ trumpet and talented arranger.
  • McHenry, James – Was a surgeon in the American Revolution and private secretary to Generals Washington and Lafayette. Fort McHenry, Maryland, of “Star Spangled Banner” fame was named after this U.S. Secretary of War.
  • McKenzie, Dr. Parker Paul – A Kiowa Indian, he created an alphabet and recorded the words, grammar and syntax to provide a written language for Kiowa. At the time of his death in 1999, he was the oldest living Kiowa.
  • McKinley, William – The 25th President of the United States (1897-1901). The Spanish-American War (1898), the annexation of Cuba and the Philippines, an open-door policy with China, and the passage of the Gold Standard Act (1900) marked his presidency. An anarchist in Buffalo, New York assassinated him.
  • McLemore, Richard A. – President of Mississippi College in Clinton, Mississippi.
  • Melchior, Lauritz – One of the world’s foremost Wagnerian tenors.
  • Mellon, Andrew – Financier, public official, philanthropist; He helped found the Union Trust Company of Pittsburgh (1898), the Gulf Oil Corporation (1895), the Pittsburgh Coal Company (1899), the Aluminum Company of America, and the company that built the Panama Canal locks. He served as Secretary of the Treasury under three presidents and stressed policies aimed at reducing the national debt. He forged agreements with European governments for repayment of their World War I debts and served as ambassador to Britain (1932–33). In 1913 he established the Mellon Institute for Industrial Research and he endowed the National Gallery of Art (1937).
  • Mellos, Nicholas – Senior Chief Petty Officer, US Navy. He was the senior enlisted person on the P3 airplane that was rammed by a Chinese jet and forced to land in China in 2001. In addition to being awarded the Air Medal, Senior Chief Mellos was one of only two crew members awarded the Meritorious Service Medal for his bravery and leadership during their captivity. (The other MSM went to the aircraft’s Commanding Officer.) Bravo Zulu, Senior Chief – from another Senior Chief/Mason!
  • Menninger, Dr. Karl A. – Psychiatrist famous for treating mental illness and headed the Menninger Foundation until his death in 1990.
  • Menninger, Dr. William – Psychiatrist with the Menninger Clinic, Topeka, Kansas. Was active with the Boy Scout movement and in 1934 wrote the “Skipper’s Handbook” for Sea Scout Leaders.
  • Mercherle, George Jacob – The founder of State Farm Insurance.
  • Mesmer, Franz Anton – He practiced Mesmerism, the precursor of hypnosis in modern psychotherapy.
  • Mfume, Kweisi – U. S. Congressman and President and CEO of the NAACP.
  • Michelson, Albert Abraham – Successfully measured the speed of light in 1882. For this and other pioneering work in optical instrumentation, he became the first American scientist to win a Nobel Prize (1907).
  • Minton, Sherman – US Senator and Supreme Court Justice from 1949-1956.
  • Mitchell, Edgar D. – US Astronaut who flew on the Apollo 14 mission.
  • Mix, Tom – Champion rodeo rider, soldier and cowboy, he stared in over 400 western films.
  • Mokranjac, Stevan – Serbian composer (1856-1914).
  • Molson, John – Founder of Molson Breweries.
  • Monroe, James – The fifth President of the United States (1817-1825), whose administration was marked by the acquisition of Florida (1819), the Missouri Compromise (1820), in which Missouri was declared a slave state, and the profession of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), which declared U.S. opposition to European interference in the Americas.
  • Montgolfier, Jacques Etienne – Co-developer with his brother of the first practical hot-air balloon.
  • Montgomery, Richard – First general officer of the (US) Continental Army to be killed in battle (in the attack on the British fort at Quebec City).
  • Moody, William H. – Supreme Court Justice.
  • Moore, David – Well known Baptist pastor in Southeastern New Mexico until his death in 1992 at the age of 103.
  • Morris, Rob – Lawyer, educator, ‘Poet Laureate of Masonry’, and founder of the Order of the Eastern Star.
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus – (1756-1791) Austrian composer considered among the greatest and most prolific composers in history. Of his more than 600 compositions, the finest works, including his last three symphonies (1788) and the operas Don Giovanni (1787)and The Magic Flute (1791), were written in the last five years of his short life.
  • Murphy, Audie – The most decorated American Soldier of WWII, he also achieved fame as an actor in movies (Westerns). An autobiographical movie (To Hell and Back) was made of his heroic combat exploits. He was active and interested in Freemasonry.
  • Murrow, Joseph Samuel – Southern Baptist Home Missionary – and the ‘Founder of Freemasonry in Oklahoma’, he is said to have established more than 100 churches.
  • Naismith, James – Canadian-born American sports educator who invented the game of basketball.
  • Navikov, Nikolay – Russian journalist who debated with Czarina Ekaterina the Great and a publisher who published more books than ever before in history.
  • Nelson, Samuel – Supreme Court Justice.
  • New, Harry S. – Postmaster General of the United States who established Airmail.
  • Newton, Joseph Fort – A Christian minister and Masonic author.
  • Newton, Louie D. – President of the Southern Baptist Convention; Vice President of the Baptist World Alliance; served 27 years on the SBC Executive Committee.
  • Nicholson, Samuel – American Navy and first Commander of the famous frigate, U.S.S. Constitution.
  • Nickerson, Lt. General Herman Jr., USMC – Former Commanding General, Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina and Commander of I-Corps theater of operations in Vietnam.
  • Nunn, Sam – Respected former U.S. Senator from Georgia. For seven years, he chaired the Armed Services Committee.
  • O’Higgins, Bernardo – The Liberator of Chile. Educated in England but returned to his country to lead them in their fight for independence form Spain.
  • Olds, Ransom E. – American automobile inventor and manufacturer. Founded the Olds Motor Company.
  • Oppenheimer, David – Mayor of Vancouver who had the foresight to preserve an enormous tract of land for use as a park, dedicated to Lord Stanley, yet another Freemason.
  • Otis, James – American Revolutionary politician and publicist. Famous for “Taxation without Representation is Tyranny”.
  • Palmer, Arnold – Golf Professional who for years set the example to make golf a ‘gentlemen’s’ sport.
  • Papst, Charles F. – Coined the term “Athletes Foot”.
  • Peale, Rev. Norman Vincent – American cleric, founder of “Guidepost”, and known for his famous book, “The Power of Positive Thinking”.
  • Peary, Admiral Robert E. – First man to reach the North Pole (1909).
  • Penny, J (James) C. – US retailer who donated large amounts of money to charity.
  • Pepper, Claude – US Senator from Florida, he was an active supporter of rights for senior citizens and when he died in 1989 was the oldest man ever to serve in Congress (an honor presently held by Bro. Strom Thurmond now deceased in 2003).
  • Perry, Matthew – American Naval hero, he commanded one of the first steam ships and made a famous expedition to the Far East opening it for trade.
  • Pershing, John Joseph – (“Black Jack”) American Army General who led the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I. In 1921, he was given the rank of General of the Armies, a rank only conferred once.
  • Pickett, General George E. – Commanded the Confederate lines at the US Civil War battle of Gettysburg and led the final assault.
  • Pike, Albert – Pioneer, explorer, Confederate General, he re-wrote the rituals (entitled Morals and Dogma) of the US Southern Masonic jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite Bodies.
  • Pike, Zebulon M. – Discovered the great peak that bears his name. He was killed in action at Toronto during the War of 1812.
  • Pitney, Mahlon – US Congressman and later Supreme Court Justice.
  • Poinsett, Joel R. – First U.S. Ambassador to Mexico and an amateur botanist who developed the flower: Poinsettia.
  • Polk, James Knox – Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Governor of Tennessee and
  • eleventh President of the U.S.
  • Preble, Edward – Commander of USS Constitution and US Navy hero.
  • Pullman, George – Inventor and businessman, he built first sleeping car on train which became a standard throughout the world.
  • Purdy, George I. – One of the most well respected businessmen in post-WWII Japan. His autobiography – A Summer for a Lifetime – is one which should be read by Masons and non-Masons alike and talks at length about the importance of Freemasonry in his life. You can buy it and read several reviews right here and buy it at www.goanchor.com .
  • Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeyvich – Famous Russian poet and author who, among other works, wrote “Boris Godunov”.
  • Putnam, Rufus – American Revolutionary War General, ‘Father of the Northwest Territory’ and First Grand Master of Masons in Ohio.